Even after 35 years civic amenities not completed
State government can do from its resources
After the 10 years of commissioning the Tehri Dam, oustees put question on state government. People are continuously sending letters regarding their problems to State Government. People along with Matu Jansangathan sent a letter to Chief Minister requesting that many of the problems can be solved at the level of state Government.
The displaced of Tehri Dam HEP are being sent to Pathri part 1,2,3,4 at Haridwar, in the name of rehabilitation since 1979. Around 40 villages are set up at this place.
Oustees should have been provided basic amenities along with the rehabilitation but we’ve been asking the government for past 35 years for the same. None of the governments paid heed to our requests and because of this we still live in utter distress.
The oustees have not yet got their land rights in the displaced land. Because of this we cannot avail any government facility like farmer’s ration card, subsidies etc. We cannot even apply for bank loans, we have no property to show. We do not even have documents to show that we live here.
In past 35 years, around 24,000 displaced people live here with no health facility. Even basic Health centers and child care centers are not available.
After a lot of efforts, we’ve been able to have schools till 10th class but there is no availability of education after that.
Only part 1 had one bank cooperative society. After 35 years, in September 2013, another Indian Overseas Bank opened, again in Part 1 only.
There is no transport facility by the government provided at all.
Since past 35 years, oustees have still not been provided with post office and hence can not avail any of its services although the building is there for it to function.
There is no protection wall to protect agricultural farms and because of it wild animals continuously harm crops and farms.
According to the policy of Ministry of Power, oustees should have been provided free electricity but even after paying we do not have adequate supply of electricity. When Shri Sushil Kumar Shinde were the Power Minister, he announced 100 units of free electricity to the people displaced because of Tehri HEP.
For drinking water and irrigation people have done their means for it. Even after flowing Ganga nearby, facility of irrigation for the farms has not yet been provided, even when the water is coming only after drowning our very villages.
Temple, Roads and other basic amenities are still missing after 35 years of displacement.
It is extremely sad situation.
The electricity is regularly produced at Tehri HEP and the state government is earning regular revenues out of it. The total revenue must be more than thousand crores till date.
The state government should utilize the money, getting form generated from electricity generation from Tehri HEP should be used for the displaced people of the project. The energy ministry’s guideline in “Guidelines for development of Hydro Electric Projects Sites” 23 May 2006 speaks of the same fact that 12% free power should be used for developmental facilities for the displaced population. The concerned paragraph is:
2.3 Provision of 12% free power to the home state Government of India, vide its O.M. dated 17th May, 1989 have approved that “since the Home States are increasingly finding it difficult to locate alternative land and resources for rehabilitation of the oustees in hydro-electric projects. They, need to be suitably assisted by giving incentives, such as the (proposed) 12% free power, to enable them to take care of the problems of rehabilitation in the areas affected by the hydro-electric projects.
Without such assistance and incentives, considerable hydel potential of the country would remain unutilized. Accordingly, the State Government shall be entitled to realize 12% free power from the project for local area development and mitigation of Guidelines for development of Hydro Electric Projects Sites hardships to the project affected people in line with the Govt. of India policy”.
Also according to Hydro power Policy, 2008, under the chapter “Salient Features of New Hydro power Policy”
10.1 (h) An additional 1% free power from the project would be provided and earmarked for a Local Area Development Fund, aimed at providing a regular stream of revenue for income generation and welfare schemes, creation of additional infrastructure and common facilities etc.
This money should be utilized to provide amenities that have remained pending for the displaced people in Pathri Bhaag 1,2,3,4, Haridwar.
Thus we demand that:
The displaced should get the land rights in an immediate manner. The rights should be as mentioned in “Sankramani Z a category K” (‘‘संक्रमणी जैड ए श्रेणी क‘‘). If there is an issue of forest land, the state government needs to deal it with center and the forest department itself but the land rights to the people need to be immediately given.
All the displaced rural locations should be declared “Revenue” villages immediately.
According to the guidelines of the Energy Ministry, free electricity should be provided to these villages and central government should be approached if needed for its quick application.
Education, health, transport, irrigation and drinking facilities should be immediately provided to these villages. For its expenses, 12% free electricity from Tehri HEP in which Koteshwar Dam also comes should be utilized.
For all these works, associations of the displaced should only be assigned the responsibility for quality management and better surveillance.
Because of displacement and 35 years of unavailability of basic amenities, we’ve remained backward socially, politically, economically and educationally. Therefore, Pathri Part 1,2,3,4 should be declared backward regions constitutionally.
The state and central government should together work to accomplish these work. Before making dams, there is a need to regulate the displacement, rehabilitation and environmental concerns of the old projects. This is the demand of justice.
Vimalbhai, Puran Singh Rana, Asha Dobhal, Balwant Singh Panwar
We associate with National Alliance of Peoples’ Movements (http://napm-india.org/)
हमारी सभ्यता, हमारी संस्कृति और हमारा स्वराज्य अपनी जरुरतें दिनोंदिन बढ़ाते रहने पर, भोगमय जीवन पर निर्भर नही करते; परन्तु अपनी जरुरतों को नियंत्रित रखने पर, त्यागमय जीवन पर, निर्भर करते है।