Secy MoEFRot is growing and has been growing for 25 years now.
3 problems which are to be solve and 6 ways forward
clearance mechanisms cannot be independent of monitoring mechanism – a great presumption on the part of the particular body. When the ground truth is not known, or when the ground is not throwing up the truth, then there is a problem with the institutional response.
This situation will continue, i am afraid, till we touch these points: from village level, with equanimity, with equilibrium and without terrible chaos
Almost no limit to parameters that govern envtl clearance. I have found 168 parameters, but found only 8 being used in monitoring
Institutional clearance and monitoring are required, but they need to be separated. At least for the next 50 years.
Without institutional mechanism of responsibility, cannot protect eco-sensitive zones.
WE have an obsession with carrying capacity. Do we know what it involves? PCBs say ambient standards are achieved form major pollutants, than carrying capacity is not disturbed. But the answer is this is not sufficient indication. REceptors are never taken into account, and thus a problem exists.
Clearance decisions are made from far away from project site. When proponents do EIA (because govt has no money and resources.. it is actually possible to do it)
There are cases where baseline for the same site is done in ten diff ways based on pollution margin determined by proponent. Clearly demands need for public funding of baseline and EIA studies exists and is more than due.
Our philosophy since 1992 has been that once we dirty one area, we move on to dirty another area. This is the whole business of EIA
Load based local standards must be shared. If load of local receptors are calculated, then we can more accurately determine the limit to it being a receptor to the pollution load.
STates are vying with each other for investments.. Countries are vying with each other for investment. This has a systemic impact on decision making all the way down to the villages
Decentralising clearances – Give power to the local bodies to be involved in decision and take responsibility for clearances. PCBs must be involved in monitoring municipalities.
EIA is copied. Sometimes they forget to change the pages in copied EIAs. And the public does not understand EIAs.